The Tampa Bay Nitrogen Management Consortium (NMC) was formed in 1996, consisting of participants from local governments, agencies, and private industry and businesses. The NMC was formed to develop Action Plans to meet the bay segment “hold-the-line” nitrogen load targets from the 1992-1994 period. Estimates of future loadings to the bay developed by the TBEP in the late 1990s indicated that without appropriate management, future TN loadings would be greater than the “hold-the-line” targets. So, the NMC collectively developed a Consortium Action Plan that included a number of nitrogen load reduction/preclusion projects designed to maintain the TN loadings at or below the target levels. Most recently (TBEP 2009), the Consortium has developed allocations commensurate to the nitrogen loads estimated during the 1992-1994, "hold-the-line" period for all major nitrogen load sources to Tampa Bay.